SWER and Rural Electrification Downloads - Background Information
Downloads, technical articles, costing information and other tools to help you decide what is the best form of rural electrification for you
Rural Power Supply Especially in Back Country Areas - L Mandeno, B.E., M.I.E.E. Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute of Engineers, 1947, Volume 33, Page 234. A fascinating account of the early technical development of the SWER distribution system in rural New Zealand. Advisory, this is a large pdf (Adobe Acrobat) file of 7 Mbytes and will take a long time to download on a slow Internet connection.
Single Wire Earth Return for Remote Rural Distribution - Reducing Costs and Improving Reliability Conrad W. Holland, B.E. M.I.P.E.N.Z. Maunsell Ltd., Single Wire Earth Return (SWER) has been used in New Zealand since the 1930s and is still actively used in rural New Zealand, Australia, South Africa and parts of South East Asia. This paper updates the cost structure for SWER and looks at modern innovations that can be applied to drive down costs and improve reliability.
How to Model Single Wire Earth Return Systems (SWER) for Rural Electrification using PSS/Adept - Peter Armstrong, Meritec Ltd. June 2002 A Microsoft Power Point tutorial on how to model SWER systems using PTI's PSS/Adept software. The tutorial gives models of SWER isolating and distribution transformers and guidelines on calculating parameters for SWER systems.
Single Wire Earth Return Costs and Protection Methods - A presentation from the EUEI workshop on low cost grid connected distribution in East Africa